Posts

Random Display A HTML Element


Updated at 2024/01/08: I have migrated my blog from Hugo to Astro. The replaceWith DOM manipulation method still works. And I find customElement.define() is a more general way to implement this. The following is the snippet code:

<script>
	customElements.define(
		'random-one-of',
		class extends HTMLElement {
			constructor() {
				super();
				this.replaceChildren(this.children.item(Math.floor(Math.random() * this.children.length))!);
			}
		},
	);
</script>
<random-one-of><slot /></random-one-of>

Today I want to add a Listen Now section in my blog, to display a random song from my playlist. Spotify provides embed code for each song, for example:

<iframe
	style="border-radius:12px"
	src="https://open.spotify.com/embed/track/5oO3drDxtziYU2H1X23ZIp?utm_source=generator"
	width="100%"
	height="352"
	frameborder="0"
	allowfullscreen=""
	allow="autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; fullscreen; picture-in-picture"
	loading="lazy"
></iframe>

For simplicity, I want to use the code copied from Spotify directly.

First Shot

I store the embed code in data/playlist.toml. It can be fetch by Hugo’s .Site.Data.playlist.

{{ $playlist := .Site.Data.playlist }}

Then I use Hugo’s shuffle function to randomize the playlist and range function to display the first element.

{{ $playlist := shuffle $playlist }} {{ range first 1 $playlist }} {{ . }} {{ end }}

Save this snippet to layouts/shortcodes/random.html and use it in my blog.

{{</* random */>}}

It looks great! It displays a random song from my playlist.

But Wait,

It’s not changed when I refresh the page. The output turns out just one <iframe> in the place of where shortcode random is. I guess it’s because Hugo’s functions are computed in the build time.

I want the song to change every time when I enter this page. So I write some script in the shortcode.

{{$id := substr (md5 .Inner) 0 16 }}
<div id="{{$id}}">
	{{ .Inner }}
	<script>
		(() => {
			let dummy = document.getElementById('{{$id}}');
			let list = dummy.children;
			if (list.length > 0) dummy.replaceWith(list[Math.floor(Math.random() * (list.length - 1))]);
			else dummy.remove();
		})();
	</script>
</div>

The above code creates a dummy <div> with a random id, and put the <iframe> list inside it. Then a Javascript function runs to replace the dummy <div>(including the <script>) with one of these node.

Use it in the content:

{{</* random */>}}

<iframe style="border-radius:12px" src="https://open.spotify.com/embed/track/5oO3drDxtziYU2H1X23ZIp?utm_source=generator" width="100%" height="352" frameBorder="0" allowfullscreen="" allow="autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; fullscreen; picture-in-picture" loading="lazy"></iframe>
<iframe style="border-radius:12px" src="https://open.spotify.com/embed/track/3wFLWP0FcIqHK1wb1CPthQ?utm_source=generator" width="100%" height="352" frameBorder="0" allowfullscreen="" allow="autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; fullscreen; picture-in-picture" loading="lazy"></iframe>
<iframe style="border-radius:12px" src="https://open.spotify.com/embed/track/0MMyJUC3WNnFS1lit5pTjk?utm_source=generator" width="100%" height="352" frameBorder="0" allowfullscreen="" allow="autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; fullscreen; picture-in-picture" loading="lazy"></iframe>
{{</*/ random */>}}

It works!